Nanotechnology is emerging from last many decades and giving us new innovative applications to enhance the human productivity and efficiency. Various types of Nanoparticles play vital role in the Nanotechnology, to give rise to enormous properties which can ultimately help in the futuristic applications of Nanotechnology. In this post we will talk regarding the Nanoparticles or Nanomaterials which are mostly used by various industries.
Mostly Used Nanoparticles and Their Industrial Applications List
1. Graphene and Graphene Oxide
If I would able to travel the time in future on Earth, then I can surely able to say that Graphene is the most futuristic material on Earth right now. In the current time, we are having only 10% real life applications of Graphene but I\’m sure that in the coming 20-25 years Graphene will be the King or you can say Queen of almost every industry. Graphene is having exceptional properties in almost every field like in Electronics, Optical, Thermal, Mechanical, Tribological and the remaining things that you can think of. Right now Graphene is mostly used in various composites industries to increase the strength of the material by keeping its weight very light like in Aircrafts, submarines, sports items etc. Graphene is also having very good Electric conductivity but we are not having any current applications related to it, which is available for common users.
Graphene and Graphene Oxide:
2. Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Nanoparticles
Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles are very important for paint and cleaning spray industries because these Nanoparticles are having very good self-cleaning properties. These particles can clean themselves from the dust or water and never got dirty by the environment. Because of such self-cleaning properties these Nanoparticles used widely in paint and cleaning spray industries to produce paint/spray those can stay clean for many years even without cleaning them by the user.
Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Nanoparticles:
3. ZnO Nanoparticles
Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles are having unique optical properties. These particles are having very good UV reflecting properties, as well as they are transparent in normal sun light conditions. Because of such properties Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles are widely used in Cosmetic industries, in various types of UV reflecting skin lotions.
4. Copper Nanoparticles
Copper Nanoparticles also having various unique and utilisable applications in various industries. Properties of Copper Nanoparticles depends on the synthesis method (for example if we synthesise Copper Nanoparticles via Green route then it will have very good Anti-microbial properties otherwise not). Copper Nanoparticles are also having very good Tribological properties, which can greatly be utilised on oil & lubrications sectors. Like Silver Nanoparticles, Copper Nanoparticles are also having very good Electrical and Thermal properties, which can further extend its range to be used in many more electronics and thermal industries.
5. Silver Nanomaterials
Silver Nanoparticles are probably the mostly researched particles till now in the field of Nanotechnology. The main reason behind it is the unique and exceptional properties of Silver Nanoparticles in the field of Biology. Silver Nanoparticles are having very high Anti-microbial and Anti-fungal properties, which is the reason that Silver plays an important role in the field of Nanotechnology. Because of such excellent Anti-microbial properties, Silver Nanoparticles are having applications in biology, packaging, paints, body-spray, furniture, conductive & flexible electronics and many more industries.
Silver Nanomaterials: Silver Nanoparticles, Silver Nanorods, Silver Nanofilms, Silver Nanofibers, Silver Quantum Dots