List of Poor States in India 2021
Dear readers, here we are going to tell you about the Poor State in India 2021 List. Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh have emerged as the poorest states in India, according to Niti Aayog’s first Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) report. As per the index, 51.91 per cent population of Bihar is poor, followed by 42.16 per cent in Jharkhand, 37.79 per cent in Uttar Pradesh.
While Madhya Pradesh (36.65 per cent) has been placed fourth in the index, Meghalaya (32.67 per cent) is at the fifth spot. According to the report, India’s national MPI measure uses the globally accepted and robust methodology developed by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Poor State in India 2021 List
According to the report Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Meghalaya have emerged as the poorest states in India. Here you can check the list of Poor states in India 2021.
Bihar is a state in eastern India. The state is second to Bihar when it comes to the percentage of the population deprived of years of schooling. It is the third-largest state by population and the twelfth-largest by territory, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi).
Bihar borders Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, and Jharkhand to the south. As per the report, 51.91% population of Bihar is poor, followed by 42.16% in Jharkhand, 37.79% in Uttar Pradesh, 36.65% in Madhya Pradesh and 32.67% in Meghalaya.
Jharkhand is a state in eastern India. The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,710 km2 (30,778 sq mi). It is the 15th largest state by area and the 14th largest by population. The city of Ranchi is its capital and Dumka is its sub-capital.
Jharkhand suffers from what is sometimes termed a resource curse: it accounts for more than 40% of the mineral resources of India, but 39.1% of its population is below the poverty line and 19.6% of children under five years of age are malnourished. Jharkhand is primarily rural, with about 24% of its population living in cities.
3. Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. With over 200 million inhabitants, it is the most populated state in India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950, giving it the acronym UP.
The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts, with the state capital being Lucknow, and Allahabad serving as the judicial capital. The population density is 828 people per square kilometre, making it one of the most densely populated states in the country. Uttar Pradesh has the largest scheduled caste population whereas scheduled tribes are less than 1 per cent of the total population.
4. Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore, with Ujjain, Jabalpur, Gwalior, Satna being the other major cities. Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest Indian state by area and the fifth largest state by population with over 72 million residents.
It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest. Madhya Pradesh ranks 23rd among Indian states in the human development index. Rich in mineral resources, Madhya Pradesh has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India. More than 30% of its area is under forest cover.
Meghalaya has been officially listed as the fifth-poorest state in India and the poorest in the Northeastern region, says NITI Aayog’s first Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) report released on Friday. As much as 55.90% of the population in the state does not have housing facilities. While 29.88% of the population (second highest in-country) are deprived of assets, Meghalaya also has the fourth-highest percentage (9.10%) of the population without a bank account.
Meghalaya also has the fifth-worst figure in the country with 31.70% of its women deprived of maternal healthcare facilities. Among the NE states, Nagaland (33.06%) has a figure worse than Meghalaya. Also, 23.60% of the population in Meghalaya does not have access to drinking water (2019-20 estimates) which is the second-highest in the country. On the child & adolescent mortality aspect, Meghalaya (3.10%) occupies the sixth-highest position among states in the country.